Edema of the nasal mucosa? Look for the reason
The swollen mucous membrane of the nose causes a lot of unpleasant sensations and very much resembles a well-known cold, as it is manifested by a headache, watery eyes, broken by free breathing, and sometimes even by fever. But in fact it is just a symptom. True, it is very expressive and testifies that in the body everything is not all right.
What causes swelling?
Our nose performs many important functions, and one of them is protective. The air we breathe is not always flawlessly clean, but rather vice versa - it contains particles of dirt and dust, pollen and animal hair, as well as bacteria, viruses, microbes, fungal spores and other elements alien to humans.
The mucous membrane in the nose serves as a kind of barrier to the path of these harmful components of air into the body. It consists of special ciliated cells that are able to pick up foreign particles and move them through the nasopharynx towards the digestive system, where the dangerous elements will be destroyed in time without damaging the body.
But it happens that under the influence of some external factors mucous cells cease to perform motor function, and foreign particles settle on the very shell in the nose, penetrating inside. To meet the pests immediately protrude protective cells, so the walls of the vessels become easily permeable, to the nasal mucosa increases the flow of blood and lymph. Mucous swelling, inflammatory process begins.
External causes that cause swelling in the nose may be hypothermia (especially when the head gets wet under the rain in the rain or cold in the cold wind), chemical irritants (domestic poisons, aerosols) get on the nose shell, natural substances that cause a reaction in the form of Allergies. The source of constantly occurring inflammation and swelling in the nose may be adenoids, various neoplasms, a curved nasal septum or the consequences of a nose injury.
What is the danger of edema?
Swollen mucus in the nose is not only trouble in the form of forced breathing through the mouth and constant headaches. This is, first of all, inflammation, which without timely medical measures can lead to sinusitis, conjunctivitis, osteomyelitis and even cause much more serious consequences in the form of, say, meningitis.
Especially dangerous is puffiness in the nose in infants, because they still can not breathe through the mouth, and during feeding in general can give up breast. At such kids a nasal edema is dangerous to a life.
How does it manifest itself?
Mucosal edema in the nose usually has an external and functional manifestation. A breakdown in breathing through the nose leads to a loss of smell, hoarseness and roughness of the voice, the appearance of all sorts of excretions - from watery-transparent to purulent, and sometimes vice versa - to severe dryness in the nose.
Externally, problems with the nasal mucosa are manifested by dull strong pain in the forehead, teary eyes, burning in the nose, sneezing, fever and general malaise.
Than to help the patient?
Solving the problem of puffiness in the nose is necessary in a complex and in two stages. The first step is to take measures to ensure that the edema decreases and breathing through the nose becomes free. To do this, use antihistamines, vasoconstrictor drops.
Next, you need to look for and eliminate the reason for the swelling in the nose to form. With anatomical obstacles it makes sense to think about a surgical solution to the problem, with allergy it is necessary to get rid of the irritant and pick up a complex of antihistamine medications. If an infection becomes the cause of mucosal inflammation in the nose, appropriate means should be found to fight the pathogen. Types of drugs are selected individually - it can be ointments, sprays, aerosols, tablets, injections.
Some folk methods - injection with a syringe solution of sea salt, inhalation with essential oils of fir or cedar, instillation of beet juice with honey or onion juice with vegetable oil, help to remove puffiness.
But the main means to combat mucosal edema, which is perfect for prevention of repeated puffiness, is, of course, the strengthening of general immunity. Do not forget about the benefits of tempering, nature walks, vitamins.